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Journal Article: BibTeX citation key:  Moron1995
Moron, V., Bigot, S. & Roucou, P. (1995) Rainfall variability in subequatorial America and Africa and relationships with the main sea surface temperature modes (1951-1990). IN International Journal of Climatology, 15. 1297–1322.
Added by: roussot 2010-04-06 14:46:31    Last Edited by: Fanny Lefebvre 2010-11-18 14:17:40
Categories: General
Creators: Bigot, Moron, Roucou
Collection: International Journal of Climatology
Bibliographies: Prior150410

Peer reviewed
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Popularity index:  36.19%
Maturity index:  published

The rainfall variability of subequatorial South America and Africa is poorly documented owing to the scarcity of data. We present a new land-only data set of monthly precipitation from 1951 to 1990, focusing on subequatorial South America and Africa, which improves the knowledge of rainfall variability and allows comparisons with GCM outputs. The results of multivariate analyses are compared with those performed on the best actual global rainfall data set developed by Mike Hulme. The main modes of bimonthly rainfall variability are not located in the major rain-forest basins of Zaïre and Amazonia, but rather on the tropical margins, such as Venezuela or Sudan, and near-coastal equatorial areas, such as Guyana, Nordeste, Guinea, and Gabon. A regionalization into 13 homogeneous areas selected from the multivariate analyses is proposed. The statistical links between the rainfall variability and the four main sea-surface temperature modes indicate a strong influence of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon upon South America (less/more rainfall during an El Niño/La Niña event) and a weaker impact, modulated by the Atlantic thermal state, upon Africa. The impact of ENSO events seems stronger since 1965 than before.
Added by: Fanny Lefebvre    Last Edited by: Fanny Lefebvre