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Communication incl. Poster: BibTeX citation key:  Ezeji
Ezeji, J. I. 2009. Diffusing adaptation to sustain food security in West Africa. Work presented at Third International AMMA Conference, July 20—24, at Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
Added by: roussot 2009-11-22 21:29:46
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Categories: Society-Environment-Climate interactions
Keywords: Adaptation and Mitigation, Agriculture, Vegetation
Creators: Ezeji
Publisher: African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso)
Collection: Third International AMMA Conference

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Abstract
Adaptation actions offer a chance to decrease people’s vulnerability to the vagaries of climate change. This has become necessary because of the appreciation that existing gaps in agriculture are embedded amongst factors such as the grinding realities of the absence of irrigation infrastructure, and in settings largely devoid of institutional mechanisms and cultural norms for fostering scalable interventions.
Adjusting in human activities in response to this climate change impacts in order to attenuate the adverse effects has often been suggested to be the most appropriate strategy. But how has this been implemented and what are the benefits to local livelihoods in south eastern Nigeria? However, it has been noted that overall, the most noticeable responses to the recurrent drought and pronounced climate variability experienced for the past three decades in West Africa relate mainly to data collection and analysis. This paper therefore goes beyond this to discuss and x-ray concrete on-the ground adaptation measures.
Some of these measures include the construction of structures for harvesting runoff and rainwater in order to prevent it from being lost and also to curb phenomena such as erosion and flooding, while supporting the recharge of aquifers. These includes a coterie of agronomic, vegetative, structural and management measures that conserves water, control soil degradation and enhances productivity in the field, and the training of local farmers to undertake integrated watershed development based on rainwater harvesting and soil conservation for the regeneration and sustainable management of the local landscape.
Added by: roussot