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Communication incl. Poster: BibTeX citation key:  Diaa
Diarra, B., Becerra, S. & Gangneron, F. 2009. Facing climatic risks in the Sahel: Socio-institutional vulnerabilities and adaptation strategies. Work presented at Third International AMMA Conference, July 20—24, at Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
Added by: roussot 2009-11-05 11:15:26
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Categories: Society-Environment-Climate interactions
Keywords: Adaptation and Mitigation, Climate, Water - Energy - Resources
Creators: Becerra, Diarra, Gangneron
Publisher: African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso)
Collection: Third International AMMA Conference

Number of views:  1044
Popularity index:  55.24%
Maturity index:  published

 
Abstract
The spatial and temporal variability of the West African monsoon is a structural characteristic of the whole Sahel region. However, the 40 years-long increase of this variability may have stronger impacts on the populations, livestock and the local ecosystems through higher risks (droughts, floods, etc.). These risk extensions is affected by the limited social and institutional capacities of the populations and governments to face and/or absorb the direct and indirect effects of this rainfall variability. This communication tends to explore and describe these two social and institutional vulnerabilities and the related strategies of adaptation in the sahelian rural communities.
Apart from the technical, financial and material weaknesses of the rural populations facing climatic hazards, we here define the social vulnerability as a generic notion that combines social means and positions built to face all kind of threats that may menace the living conditions (Becerra & Peltier, 2009). The institutional vulnerability is linked to the questionable efficiency of the environmental policies, the decentralization implementation processes but also the capacities of many rural-based organizations to be the effective initiators of local actions tending to reduce the agricultural vulnerability.
Based on a first analysis of water management mechanisms on different scales, we identify the vulnerabilities that concern several generic threats and more specifically the relations to climate, but also the ways through which they condition the individual and collective adaptation capacities. Moreover, the rainfall constraints and the aquifer refilling difficulties increase the consequences of these vulnerabilities. Meanwhile, we also show that local “temporary-staying solutions” are brought despite heavy sacrifices, deep changes, movements and innovations for one sole goal: survival.
Added by: roussot