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Communication incl. Poster: BibTeX citation key:  DHaen
D' Haen, S. & Lambin, E. F. 2009. Wealth increases for Burkinabe households despite climate variability. Work presented at Third International AMMA Conference, July 20—24, at Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
Added by: roussot 2009-11-04 18:33:47
Categories: Society-Environment-Climate interactions
Keywords: Adaptation and Mitigation, Precipitation
Creators: D' Haen, Lambin
Publisher: African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso)
Collection: Third International AMMA Conference

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We suspect that the beneficial influence of current macro-economic and social trends tends to be underestimated in agricultural and rural models of household vulnerability to climatic variability in the Sahel. We claim that these trends provide Sahelian households with a range of opportunities to diversify their income generating activities. This income diversification allows them to decrease their economic vulnerability to potential adverse effects of climate variability. We consider that, even though household income might be affected by climate variations, overall household wealth does not suffer significantly from climate variability effects.
We analysed wealth and income generating strategies for agricultural and non-agricultural households for both rural and urban environments in Burkina Faso, using data from multiple national surveys between 1998 and 2005 (+/- 24 000 observations). Our results show that the majority of Burkinabe households increased their wealth between 1998 and 2005. We observed clear differences in wealth between urban and rural areas, between farmers and non farmers, and between different regions in the country. We observed higher wealth for households who diversify more. We focussed on the differences in wealth between households with climate dependent diversification strategies and households with non-climate dependent strategies. We found that even for farmers with no cattle and who cultivate only cereals, wealth improved significantly between 1998 and 2005. Our data suggests that diversification in most households is not associated with climate variability but rather with local and regional social and economical trends.
Added by: roussot