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Communication incl. Poster: BibTeX citation key:  Sissoko
Sissoko, M. S., Bouare, M., Ballo, A., Sissoko, K., Sall, A. H., Traoré, H., Traoré, M. S., Kodio, N., Gunido, D., Tapily, A., Sanogo, Z., Diarra, A., Coulibaly, M., Berthe, M., Traoré, B., Sangare, K., Kone, K., Gaudart, J. & Doumbo, O. 2009. Temporal and spatial surveillance of malaria risk factors in Sotuba, peri urban area of Bamako, Mali, 2008. Work presented at Third International AMMA Conference, July 20—24, at Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
Added by: roussot 2009-10-19 16:11:15
 B  
Categories: Society-Environment-Climate interactions
Keywords: Health
Creators: Ballo, Berthe, Bouare, Coulibaly, Diarra, Doumbo, Gaudart, Gunido, Kodio, Kone, Sall, Sangare, Sanogo, Sissoko, Sissoko, Tapily, Traoré, Traoré, Traoré
Publisher: African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso)
Collection: Third International AMMA Conference

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Abstract
Sotuba is a peri-urban village, with approximately 6,472 inhabitants located on the outskirts of Bamako on the bank of the River Niger. Malaria transmission is mainly seasonal, from June to December. The Entomologic Inoculation Rate is < 15 infected bites per year. Malaria is hypo endemic.
The study aim was to survey the temporal and spatial distribution of malaria risk factors across the village. More specifically, this survey has to correlate the temporal and spatial distribution of clinical malaria in Sotuba, to the temporal and spatial distribution of environmental malaria risk factors (Breeding sites, garbages, Cesspools, location of the house, type of house …).
All the population was invited to consult in Sotuba Health Center for disease. Clinical malaria cases were confirmed by blood thick smear. The entire houses in Sotuba were geo referenced using GIS/GPS tools. Entomological data (spray catch, breeding sites characterization) were collected monthly. Data collected on the garbages and cesspools were made during the dry season, the beginning of the rainy season and the end of the rainy season. All clinical malaria cases, entomological and environmental data were also geo referenced. The study was initiated on April 17, 2008 and continues smoothly. A complete dynamic cartography of the village has been made, and the survey of environmental factors still continues. Four hundred fifty five (455) clinical malaria cases were registered. Health center based clinical malaria prevalence in Sotuba is 23.3% (455/1952). In October, the population of mosquitoes was composed by An. gambiae sl (11.9%), An. funestus (0.3%), Culex sp (87.7%) and Aedes sp (0.34%). The mean density of mosquitoes per room was 5.5. The mean density of anopheles was 0.7 with 0.2 bites / person / night. The result from the 12 initial months of the survey will be presented.
Added by: roussot