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Journal Article: ID no. (ISBN etc.):  0930-7575 BibTeX citation key:  Bielli2009
Bielli, S. & Roca, R. (2009) Scale decomposition of atmospheric water budget over West Africa during the monsoon 2006 from NCEP/GFS analyses. IN Climate Dynamics, 35. 143–157.
Added by: Devic 2009-09-20 21:53:00    Last Edited by: Fanny Lefebvre 2010-11-26 17:16:41
Categories: General
Creators: Bielli, Roca
Collection: Climate Dynamics
Bibliographies: Prior150410

Peer reviewed
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Maturity index:  accepted

NCEP/GFS analysis is used to investigate the scale dependence and the interplay between the terms of the atmospheric water budget over West Africa using a dedicated decomposition methodology. The focus is on a 2-month period within the active monsoon period of 2006. Results show that the dominant scales of seasonal mean precipitation and moisture flux divergence over West Africa during the monsoon period are large scales (greater than 1,400 km) except over topography, where mean values of small scales (smaller than 900 km) are strong. Correlations between moisture flux divergences in monsoon and African Easterly Jet layers and precipitation indicate that precipitation is strongly correlated to moisture flux divergence via both large-scale and small-scale processes, but the correlation signal is quite different depending on the region and vertical layer considered. The analysis of the scales associated with the rainfall and the local evaporation over 3 different regions shows that positive correlation exists over the ocean between precipitation and evaporation especially at large scale. Over the continent south of the Sahel, the correlation is negative and driven by large scale. Over the northern part of Sahel, positive correlation is found, only at small scales during the active monsoon period. Lag correlation reveals that the maximum evaporation over the Sahel occurs 1–3 days after the maximum precipitation with maximum contribution from small-scale processes during the first day. This study shows that NCEP/GFS reproduces well the known atmospheric water budget features. It also reveals a new scale dependence of the relative role of each term of the atmospheric water budget. This indicates that such scale decomposition approach is helpful to clarify the functioning of the water cycle embedded in the monsoon system.
Last Edited by: Fanny Lefebvre