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Journal Article: ID no. (ISBN etc.):  0894-8763. BibTeX citation key:  Roca2009
Roca, R., Chambon, P., Jobard, I., Kirstetter, P.-E., Gosset, M. & Bergès, J.-C. (2009) Comparing satellite and surface rainfallproducts over West Africa at meteorologically relevant scales during the AMMA campaign using error estimates. IN Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49. 715–731.
Added by: Boichard Jean-Luc 2010-08-05 10:13:50    Last Edited by: Fanny Lefebvre 2011-01-10 14:41:05
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Categories: General
Creators: Bergès, Chambon, Gosset, Jobard, Kirstetter, Roca
Collection: Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Bibliographies: DoublonsJL

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Abstract
Monsoon rainfall is central to the climate of West Africa, and understanding its variability is a challenge for which satellite rainfall products could be well suited to contribute to. Their quality in this region has received less attention than elsewhere. The focus is set on the scales associated with atmospheric variability, and a meteorological benchmark is set up with ground-based observations from the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA) program. The investigation is performed at various scales of accumulation using four gauge networks. The seasonal cycle is analyzed using 10-day-averaged products, the synoptic-scale variability is analyzed using daily means, and the diurnal cycle of rainfall is analyzed at the seasonal scale using a composite and at the diurnal scale using 3-hourly accumulations. A novel methodology is introduced that accounts for the errors associated with the areal–time rainfall averages. The errors from both satellite and ground rainfall data are computed using dedicated techniques that come down to an estimation of the sampling errors associated to these measurements. The results show that the new generation of combined infrared–microwave (IR–MW) satellite products is describing the rain variability similarly to ground measurements. At the 10-day scale, all products reveal high regional and seasonal skills. The day-to-day comparison indicates that some products perform better than others, whereas all of them exhibit high skills when the spectral band of African easterly waves is considered. The seasonal variability of the diurnal scale as well as its relative daily importance is only captured by some products. Plans for future extensive intercomparison exercises are briefly discussed.
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Added by: Fanny Lefebvre    Last Edited by: Fanny Lefebvre