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Journal Article: ID no. (ISBN etc.):  0148-0227 BibTeX citation key:  Chou2008
Chou, C., Formenti, P., Maille, M., Ausset, P., Helas, G., Harrison, M. A. J. & Osborne, S. (2008) Size distribution, shape and composition of mineral dust aerosols collected during the AMMA SOP0/DABEX field campaign in Niger, January 2006. IN Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 113. D00C10.
Added by: Devic 2008-08-20 09:44:32    Last Edited by: Fanny Lefebvre 2011-01-21 11:15:33
Categories: Aerosol and Chemistry
Keywords: SOP
Creators: Ausset, Chou, Formenti, Harrison, Helas, Maille, Osborne
Collection: Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres
Bibliographies: Prior150410

Peer reviewed
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Dust samples were collected onboard the UK community BAe-146 research aircraft of the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM) operated over Niger during the winter Special Observation Period of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis project (AMMA SOP0/DABEX). Particle size, morphology, and composition were assessed using single-particle analysis by analytical scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The aerosol was found to be composed of externally mixed mineral dust and biomass burning particles. Mineral dust consists mainly of aluminosilicates in the form of illite and kaolinite and quartz, accounting for up to 80% of the aerosol number. Fe-rich particles (iron oxides) represented 4% of the particle number in the submicron fraction. Diatoms were found on all the samples, suggesting that emissions from the Bodélé depression were also contributing to the aerosol load. Satellite images confirm that the Bodélé source was active during the period of investigation. Biomass burning aerosols accounted for about 15% of the particle number of 0.1–0.6 μm diameter and were composed almost exclusively of particles containing potassium and sulfur. Soot particles were very rare. The aspect ratio AR is a measure of particle elongation. The upper limit of the AR value distribution is 5 and the median is 1.7, which suggests that mineral dust particles could be described as ellipsoids whose major axis never exceeds 1.9 × Dp (the spherical geometric diameter). This is consistent with other published values for mineral dust, including the recent Aerosol Robotic Network retrieval results of Dubovik et al. (2006).
Last Edited by: Fanny Lefebvre