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Journal Article: ID no. (ISBN etc.):  1477-870X BibTeX citation key:  BouKaram2008b
Bou Karam, D., Flamant, C., Knippertz, P., Reitebuch, O., Pelon, J., Chong, M. & Dabas, A. (2008) Dust emissions over the Sahel associated with the West African monsoon intertropical discontinuity region: A representative case-study. IN Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134. 621–634.
Added by: Devic 2008-08-20 09:10:39    Last Edited by: Fanny Lefebvre 2010-11-17 15:57:54
Categories: General
Creators: Bou Karam, Chong, Dabas, Flamant, Knippertz, Pelon, Reitebuch
Collection: Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Bibliographies: Prior150410

Peer reviewed
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Near-dawn airborne lidar and dropsonde observations acquired on 7 July 2006, during the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA) Special Observing Period 2a1, were used to investigate dust mobilization, lifting and transport in the intertropical discontinuity (ITD) region over western Niger. Atmospheric reflectivity data from the LEANDRE 2 lidar system enabled us to analyse the structure of dust plumes in the context of wind and thermodynamic information provided by the WIND lidar system and dropsondes. Dust mobilization was mainly observed in two locations: (a) within the monsoon flow as the result of the passage of a density current originating from a mesoscale convective system over southwest Niger, and (b) at the leading edge of the monsoon flow where the near-surface winds and turbulence were strong, because the monsoon flow was behaving as an intrusive density current. The circulation in the head of the monsoon density current lifted the mobilized dust towards the wake, along an isentropic surface. Behind and away from the leading edge, some of the mobilized dust was observed to mix across the monsoon-harmattan interface, due to the existence of mechanical shear above the monsoon layer. The dust thus becomes available for long-range transport by the harmattan. Because dust sources are widespread over the Sahel and presumably active on many days when the ITD is located in this region during summer, dust emissions associated with the described mechanism may influence the radiation budget over West Africa.
Last Edited by: Fanny Lefebvre